basement stairs : Basic Principles of the construction

basement stairs : ideas and Building Basics

basement stairs : ideas and Building Basics
basement stairs : ideas and Building Basics

The basement stairs should comply with local building codes and must consult the local authority before starting any such construction projects. In generally , for building basement stairs is similar to those constructed in other areas of the home. However, builders do not add risers to stairs in unfinished basements.
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basement stairs
basement stairs
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stair stringer : Stringers

The key part of the framework for a typical basement staircase is wood that has been cut to allow the location of the steps. Called stringers, these pieces of wood run the length of the ladder and are located on each side of the box itself. You can also use more than two stringers to give the stairway added support. The wood used for stringers, usually 2-2 tables for 12 (3.8 28.6 cm), may have other 2 by 4 (3.8 by 8.9 cm) placed underneath to strength the framework.


stair stringer
stair stringer

Treads

The section of the stairway where you place your foot, called the tread, is usually ten inches (25.4 cm) in depth while the riser, the table that is between two rungs, is about 7 inches (17.78 cm)  high. Each tread in the stairway must have an equal depth and each riser an equal height. Steps risers should protrude about one inch (2.54 cm). Using both wood glue and screws to fasten the treads and risers provide a secure connection and prevent cracks.


basement stairs with wall decoration

basement stairs : Landing

A basement stairs needs a landing for security purposes. The basement door, when opened, should not extend to the first step. The landing length shall be equal to the width of the ladder, but should not exceed four feet (1.22 m), provided that the structure has an extension line without changing direction. You need a landing in the middle of the basement stairs  that rise more than 12 feet (3.66 m) 


stair handrails
stair handrails

exterior stairs

Another type of basement stairway, an exterior stairway that leads to the inside, will be required to make cuts to create an opening in the foundation walls to accommodate the stairs. The staircase may be made ​​with frames of wood or precast concrete. The constructor creates the pathway or cutout in the foundation that allows for the placement of the stairway and the above-ground entrance doors. The metal doors located on the foundation walls and must be fitted precisely to prevent leaks.


exterior stairs
exterior stairs with stair lighting
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